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Jack Crawford

Jack Crawford
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Jack is a contributing writer with a primary interest in Medieval History, in particular the early medieval period. He completed a bachelor’s degree in Medieval History at the University of St. Andrews, and a masters in Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic at the University of Cambridge.

The Plague of Justinian: The First Recorded Global Pandemic

  The devastating plague tore through the Byzantine Empire, which was ruled by Emperor Justinian I. This was the start of the first of three...

Barbarian Invasion: The Beginning of the End for Rome?

  According to the account of Prosper of Aquitaine, a contemporary Christian writer whose life was thrown into disarray by Gothic incursions into the Roman...

7 Interesting Facts About the Long Reign of Emperor Basil II

  Basil II was arguably one of the Byzantine Empire’s ‘greatest’ emperors. His reign was the longest of any emperor, and during his 65 years...

7 Impressive Norman Castles Built by William the Conqueror

  William, Duke of Normandy, famously conquered England in 1066 and was crowned king, but his next actions are less well known. He embarked upon...

The Christianization of Anglo-Saxon England

  Christianity has existed in Britain since the time of the Roman Empire when it spread across the British Isles over the process of many...

7 Powerful Medieval Weapons That Characterized Siege Warfare

  Medieval war was primarily conducted as a series of sieges. Capturing castles was the key to conquering a region or territory because it represented...

Understanding Byzantine Economy: The Collapse of a Medieval Powerhouse

From the first partition of the Roman Empire in 284, the Eastern or ‘Byzantine’ Empire as it came to be known, was an economic...

The Cathars: Persecuting Heretical Christians In The 13th Century

  Arriving in the Languedoc region of southern France as early as the 11th century, Cathars (deriving from the Greek Katharoi, meaning ‘pure ones’) were...