10 Interesting Facts About Haruki Murakami You Should Know

The Japanese writer Haruki Murakami has captured the hearts of people across the world with his unique form of down-to-earth magical realism.

May 14, 2024By Agnes Theresa Oberauer, BA Drama & Philosophy

haruki murakami facts


Over the past few decades, writer Haruki Murakami has created a magical realist body of work that weaves together the ordinary and the mysterious.  Murakami´s world is one where dreams and reality meet. One may call his writing style magical realism, but what makes the literary output of Murakami so unique is the lingering sense of longing and mystery underpinning each story. His books are usually centered on a solitary and emotionally repressed male character whose reality gets infiltrated by occurrences in a dreamlike parallel world.


Who Is Haruki Murakami?

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Haruki Murakami books. Source: Haruki Murakami Website


Murakami has been criticized for the lack of clear resolutions in his stories and novels, but it is this very intangibility that keeps his worldwide readership wanting more. Murakami´s prose is straightforward and simple, while his characters are almost painstakingly ordinary.  And yet, his stories point towards a realm that is beyond the clearly definable and resolvable—a world beyond the conscious, logical mind. Read on to find out more about the Japanese writer who many consider a likely future recipient of the Nobel Prize. Here are 10 things you should know about Haruki Murakami.


1. Haruki Murakami Got Married Very Young 

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Sakura, Redd F., 2017. Source: Unsplash


Haruki Murakami was born in 1949, during a time when Japan was still under US occupation. At the time of his birth, Japan was still recovering from the nuclear strikes in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Having just come out of the trauma of the war, Japanese society started rebuilding itself on a set of traditional values influenced by the American way of life. The formula was simple: get a degree, get a job, get married. But Haruki Murakami did not want to resign himself to the life of climbing the corporate ladder. So, he decided to do things the other way around. He started by getting married first, getting a job, and then completing his degree in Theatre and Film. His choice was seen as incredibly irresponsible in the eyes of Japanese society at the time.


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Up to this day, his wife Yoko Murakami continues to be his first reader and harshest critic. According to him, she is also the only one who pulls him out of the endless re-editing of his most recent work. My wife knows when a book is ready for publication, the writer revealed in an interview.


2. Murakami Used to Own a Jazz Bar 

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Tokyo-Jin, Yutaka Takanashi, 1974, printed 2012. Source: Tate Gallery, London


But marriage wasn’t the only area of life where Haruki Murakami decided to go against the grain. He also opted against the secure path of taking a corporate job. Instead, his wife and he opened a jazz bar in Kokubunji, a city located on the outskirts of Tokyo. While this allowed him to indulge in his love of music, the early years were tough. The couple had to work several jobs and borrow money to start their venture. Once they opened the bar, paying off their debts remained a struggle.


3. He Had an Epiphany While Watching a Baseball Game 

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Shibuya, Japan, 2018. Source: Unsplash


Although Haruki Murakami had been an avid reader since childhood, it never occurred to him that he too could become a writer.  According to his own account, all this changed while he was watching a baseball game one day. In 1978 the writer found himself stretched out on the grass with a beer in his hand, watching the season-opening game between the Yakult Swallows and Hiroshima Carp. At the exact moment when Swallow’s first batter hit the ball of the opposing team into left field, Murakami got struck by an epiphany. He thought that he could write a novel. Although he was set to become one of the best-known Japanese writers of our time, this did not mean that writing books came easily to him.


4. He Wrote His First Book in English

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Baseball by Mick Haupt, 2020. Source: Unsplash


Upon leaving the baseball stadium, Haruki Murakami immediately went to a store to buy a pen and paper and then he started writing. Despite working long hours at his Jazz bar, he managed to finish his first novel Hear the Wind Sing within the timespan of six months. However, he was incredibly unhappy with his first draft. In order to fix this, he decided to try a different strategy. Instead of writing in Japanese, he decided to write his first book in English.


Writing in a foreign language and with a limited vocabulary forced him to use simple sentences and a direct writing style. Once the English version of the book was finished, he used the English text as a basis for writing the final version in Japanese. It seems that the experiment worked—Hear the Wind Sing ended up winning the New Writers Prize of the literary magazine Gunzo.  Following the publication of Hear the Wind Sing, Haruki Murakami went on to write his second book Pinball, 1973.  Shortly after, he decided to sell his jazz bar and devote the rest of his life to writing.


5. Norwegian Wood is His Only Realist Novel 

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Tooth For an Eye, Deborah Luster. Source: Blue Sky Gallery, Oregon


Over the decades that followed, Haruki Murakami created his very own version of magical realism.


But this doesn’t mean that Murakami never tried his hand at realism. In 1987, he published a book called Norwegian Wood. The piece was Murakami´s first work to sell millions of copies, catapulting his name into the cultural mainstream of Japan. He started writing this book in a new style for him as an experiment and it ended up being a major success.  Following the success of Norwegian Wood, he went back to writing novels that blurred the lines between the real and the surreal.


6. He Is Incredibly Disciplined

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The Suspicion and the Lie, Diana Nicholette Jeon, 2018. Source: Blue Sky Gallery, Oregon


When thinking of artists and writers, one often imagines them leading a lifestyle full of late nights, chaotic emotions, and sudden bursts of inspiration. The example of Haruki Murakami shows that this is not always the case. The writer is famous for following a strict routine. He gets up at 4 in the morning, writes until noon, and then spends the afternoon training for his next marathon, taking care of chores, and listening to music. He usually goes to bed no later than 9 p.m.


7. He Calls His Subconscious Mind The Other Room

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Typewriter by Florian Klauer. 2014. Source: Unsplash


When asked about his creative process, the author usually responds in a very practical, down-to-earth way: Every day I go to my study and sit at my desk and put the computer on. At that moment, I have to open a door. The writer likes to call the place behind this door The Other Room. It’s the place of his subconscious. Opening and closing that door is an act that takes a lot of strength. Having a strict routine helps Murakami make sure he opens and closes that door every single day.


It is how he managed to write books like IQ84, a novel spanning over 1000 pages.


8. He Is an Avid Runner

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Untitled, Sylwia Kolwacyk. Source: Blue Sky Gallery, Oregon


But Haruki Murakami isn’t just disciplined when it comes to his writing. He is also an incredibly disciplined runner. Over the course of his life, he has run over 23 marathons, an ultramarathon, and several triathlons. Murakami´s love of running has even inspired him to write an entire book about it. In 2007, he published What I Talk About When I Talk About Running, a memoir in which he philosophizes about running and draws many parallels between running and writing. In his view, both running and writing are endurance sports. If you want to make progress, you need to show up and do the work every single day.


9. He Also Works as a Translator 

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New York Marathon by Jeffrey Blum, 2019. Source: Unsplash


Haruki Murakami has written over 16 novels and many short stories and essays, but he is also active as a translator. He even translated texts by authors like Raymond Carver, John Irving, and J.D. Salinger from English into Japanese. However, the writer refuses to translate his own books into the English language.  And while he does proofread the English version of his novels, he claims to do nothing more than dispute a few words here and there.


10. The Great Gatsby is His Favorite Book 

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Digitally restored and enhanced image of the first edition cover for F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby. 1925, Source: Wikimedia Commons


The writer’s three favorite books include Dostoyevsky´s The Brothers Karamazov, Chandler´s The Long Goodbye, and Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby. He didn’t find any of the existing translations of the famous Jazz Age novel satisfying, so Murakami decided to create his own translation of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s classic by the age of 60.  He achieved this goal a few years earlier than expected.


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Haruki Murakami, 2023. Source: Haruki Murakami Website


If you would like to dive deeper into Haruki Murakami´s universe of lonely men, mysterious women, and alternate realities, there is no better way than reading his large collection of books and short stories. Or you might run into him while participating in your next marathon.

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By Agnes Theresa OberauerBA Drama & PhilosophyAgnes Theresa completed her BA in Drama and Philosophy at the Royal Holloway University of London in 2014 and is currently finishing her MA in Physical Theatre Performance Making at the Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre. She works internationally as a writer, performance artist, theatre director, and performer. Born in Austria, she has lived in six countries (Russia, Ukraine, Austria, Germany, Estonia, and the UK) and traveled many more, always seeking to expand her horizons and challenge her preconceptions. Her interests range from Greek philosophy to capoeira, posthumanism, and Nietzsche.